Knowl. Manag. Aquat. Ecosyst.
Number 420, 2019
Topical Issue on Fish Ecology
Article Number 48
Number of page(s) 11
Published online 11 November 2019
  • Abramoff MD, Magalhães PJ, Ram SJ. 2004. Processing with Image J. Biophotonics Int 11: 36–42. [Google Scholar]
  • Adams DC, Rohlf FJ, Slicec DE. 2013. A field comes of age: geometric morphometrics in the 21st century. Hystrix 24: 7–14. [Google Scholar]
  • Almodovar A, Nicola G, Ayllon D, Elvira B. 2011. Global warming threatens the persistence of Mediterranean brown trout. Glob Change Biol 18: 1549–1560. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Aparicio E, García-Berthou E, Araguas RM, Martínez P, García-Marin JL. 2005. Body pigmentation pattern to assess introgression by hatchery stocks in native Salmo trutta from Mediterranean streams. J Fish Biol 67: 931–949. [Google Scholar]
  • Araguas RM, Vera M, Aparicio E, et al. 2017. Current status of the brown trout (Salmo trutta) populations within eastern Pyrenees genetic refuges. Ecol Freshw Fish 26: 120–132. [Google Scholar]
  • Bagenal TB. 1978. Fish production in fresh waters. Oxford: Blackwell, 250 p. [Google Scholar]
  • Berrebi P, Poteaux C, Fissier M, Cattaneo-Berrebi G. 2000. Stocking impact and allozyme diversity in brown trout from Mediterranean southern France. J Fish Biol 56: 949–960. [Google Scholar]
  • Bourke P, Magnan P, Rodriguez MA. 1997. Individual variations in habitat use and morphology in brook char. J Fish Biol 51: 783–794. [Google Scholar]
  • Buisson L, Thuiller W, Sovan L, Lim P, Grenouillet G. 2008. Climate change hastens the turnover of stream fish assemblages. Glob Change Biol 14: 2232–2248. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Cadrin SX. 2000. Advances in morphometric identification of fishery stocks. Rev Fish Biol Fisheries 10: 91–112. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Caputo V, Giovanotti M, Nisi Cerioni P, Caniglia ML, Splendiani A. 2004. Genetic diversity of brown trout (Salmo trutta L., 1758) in central Italy. J Fish Biol 65: 403–418. [Google Scholar]
  • Carosi A, Ghetti L, Forconi A, Lorenzoni M. 2015. Fish community of the river Tiber basin (Umbria-Italy): temporal changes and possible threats to native biodiversity. Knowl Manag Aquat Ecosyst 416: 22. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Clavero M, Hermoso V, Kark S, Levin N. 2010. Geographical linkages between threats and imperilment in freshwater fish in the Mediterranean Basin. Divers Distrib 16: 744–754. [Google Scholar]
  • Crozier WW, Ferguson A. 1986. Electrophoretic examination of the population structure of brown trout, Salmo trutta L., from the Lough Neagh catchment, Northern Ireland. J Fish Biol 208: 459–477. [Google Scholar]
  • Duchi A. 2018. Flank spot number and its significance for systematics, taxonomy and conservation of the near-threatened Mediterranean trout Salmo cettii: evidence from a genetically pure population. J Fish Biol 92: 254–260. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Dudgeon D, Arthington AH, Gessner MO, et al. 2006. Freshwater biodiversity: Importance, threats, status and conservation challenges. Biol Rev 81: 163–182. [Google Scholar]
  • Falush D, Stephens M, Pritchard JK. 2003. Inference of population structure using multilocus genotype data: linked loci and correlated allele frequencies. Genetics 164: 1567–1587. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Ferguson A, Reed T, Mcginnity P, Prodöhl P. 2016. Anadromy in brown trout (Salmo trutta): a review of the relative roles of genes and environmental factors and the implications for management and conservation, in Proceedings of the 2nd International Sea Trout Symposium, Dundalk, Ireland. [Google Scholar]
  • Ficke AD, Myrick CA, Hansen LJ. 2007. Potential impacts of global climate change on freshwater fisheries. Rev Fish Biol Fisheries 17: 581–613. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Filipe F, Markovic D, Pletterbauer F. 2013. Forecasting fish distribution along stream networks: brown trout (Salmo trutta) in Europe. Divers Distrib 19: 1059–1071. [Google Scholar]
  • Fruciano C, Pappalardo AM, Tigano C, Ferrito V. 2014. Phylogeographical relationships of Sicilian brown trout and the effects of genetic introgression on morphospace occupation. Biol J Linnean Soc 112: 387–398. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Genovesi P, Angelini P, Bianchi E, et al. 2014. Specie e habitat di interesse comunitario in Italia: distribuzione, stato di conservazione e trend. ISPRA, Serie Rapporti, 194/2014. [Google Scholar]
  • Giuffra E, Guyomard R, Forneris G. 1996. Phylogenetic relationships and introgression patterns between incipient parapatric species of Italian brown trout (Salmo trutta L. complex). Mol Ecol 5: 207–220. [Google Scholar]
  • Gratton P, Allegrucci G, Gandolfi AV, Sbordoni V. 2013. Genetic differentiation and hybridization in two naturally occurring sympatric trout Salmo spp. forms from a small karstic lake. J Fish Biol 82: 637–657. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Gratton P, Allegrucci G, Sbordoni V, Gandolfi A. 2014. The evolutionary jigsaw puzzle of the surviving trout (Salmo trutta L. complex) diversity in the Italian region. A multilocus Bayesian approach. Mol Phylogen Evol 79: 292–304. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Hansen MM. 2002. Estimating the long-term effects of stocking domesticated trout into wild brown trout (Salmo trutta) populations: an approach using microsatellite DNA analysis of historical and contemporary samples. Mol Ecol 11: 1003–1015. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Hard JJ, Winans GA, Richardson JC. 1999. Phenotypic and genetic architecture of juvenile morphometry in Chinook salmon. J Heredity 90: 597–606. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Hayden B, Pulcini D, Kelly-Quinn M, et al. 2010. Hybridisation between two cyprinid fishes in a novel habitat: genetics, morphology and life-history traits. BMC Evolut Biol 10: 169. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Ielli F, Alessio G. 1996. Recovery and conservation of small brown trout Salmo trutta L. population in the northern central Apennine (Reggio Emilia, Italy), Proceedings IV National Congress Italian Freshwater Ichthyologist Association, pp. 459–466. [Google Scholar]
  • Kottelat M, Freyhof J. 2007. Handbook of European Freshwater Fishes. Cornol: Kottelat, 646 p. [Google Scholar]
  • Largiadèr CR, Scholl A. 1996. Genetic introgression between native and introduced brown trout Salmo trutta L. populations in the Rhone River Basin. Mol Ecol 5: 417–426. [Google Scholar]
  • Lleonart J, Salat J, Torres GJ. 2000. Removing allometric effects of body size in morphological analysis. J Theor Biol 205: 85–93. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Lorenzoni M, Carosi A, Panara F. 2003. Il recupero del ceppo autoctono della trota fario nel bacino idrografico del Fiume Nera, Arti Grafiche Nobili, Terni, 182 p. [Google Scholar]
  • Lorenzoni M, Maio G, Nonnis Marzano F. 2004. Stato attuale delle conoscenze sulle popolazioni autoctone di trota in Italia: necessità di un approccio integrato. Quaderni ETP 33: 1–12. [Google Scholar]
  • Lorenzoni M, Carosi A, Giovannotti M, La Porta G, Splendiani A, Caputo Barucchi V. 2018. Population status of the native Cottus gobio after removal of the alien Salmo trutta: a case-study in two Mediterranean streams (Italy). Knowl Manag Aquat Ecosyst 419: 22. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Lorenzoni M, Carosi A, Giovannotti M, La Porta G, Splendiani A, Caputo Barucchi V. 2019. Ecology and conservation of the Mediterranean trout in the central Apennines (Italy). J Limnol 78: 1–13. [Google Scholar]
  • Mezzera M, Largiadèr CR, Scholl A. 1997. Discrimination of native and introduced brown trout in the River Doubs (Rhône drainage) by number and shape of parr marks. J Fish Biol 50: 672–677. [Google Scholar]
  • Myers N, Mittermeier RA, Mittermeier CG, da Fonseca GAB, Kent J. 2000. Nature 403: 853–858. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Nonnis Marzano F, Corradi N, Papa R, Tagliavini J, Gandolfi G. 2003. Molecular evidence for introgression and loss of genetic variability in Salmo (trutta) macrostigma as a result of massive restocking of Appenine populations (Northern and Central Italy). Environ Biol Fishes 68: 349–356. [Google Scholar]
  • Olsson IC, Greenberg LA. 2004. Partial migration in a landlocked brown trout population. J Fish Biol 65: 106–121. [Google Scholar]
  • Pedicillo G, Carosi A, Ghetti L, Lorenzoni M. 2010. Population size structure indices and growth standards for Salmo (trutta) trutta Linnaeus, 1758 in Central Italy. Knowl Manag Aquat Ecosyst 399: 1–15. [Google Scholar]
  • Pomini FP. 1941. Ricerche sui Salmo dell'Italia peninsulare I. La trota del Sagittario, Salmo ghigii (n.sp.) Atti Soc Ital Sc Nat 80: 33–48. [Google Scholar]
  • Poteaux C, Berrebi P. 1997. Genome integrity and trout restocking on the Mediterranean versant. Bull Fr Peche Pisc 344/345: 309–322. [Google Scholar]
  • Poteaux CF, Bonhomme F, Berrebi P. 1999. Microsatellite polymorphism and genetic impact of restocking in Mediterranean brown trout (Salmo trutta L.). Heredity 82: 645–653. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Pritchard JK, Stephens M, Donnelly P. 2000. Inference of population structure using multilocus genotype data. Genetics 155: 945–959. [Google Scholar]
  • Querci G, Pecchioli E, Leonzio C, Frati F, Nardi F. 2013. Molecular characterization and hybridization in Salmo (trutta) macrostigma morphotypes from Central Italy. Hydrobiologia 702: 191–200. [Google Scholar]
  • R Core Team. 2016. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Available at: [Google Scholar]
  • Rhymer JM, Simberloff D. 1996. Extinction by hybridization and introgression. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 27: 83–109. [Google Scholar]
  • Rondinini C, Battistoni A, Peronace V, Teofili C. 2013. Lista Rossa IUCN dei Vertebrati Italiani, Comitato Italiano IUCN e Ministero dell'Ambiente e della Tutela del territorio e del mare, Roma, 54 p. [Google Scholar]
  • Schöffmann J, Susnik S, Snoj A. 2007. Phylogenetic origin of Salmo trutta L 1758 from Sicily, based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA analyses. Hydrobiologia 575: 51–55. [Google Scholar]
  • Smith KG, Darwall WRT. 2006. The status and distribution of freshwater fish endemic to the Mediterranean basin. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK, 34 p. [Google Scholar]
  • Sommani E. 1950a. Osservazioni sulla sistematica ed ecologia delle trote dell'Italia meridionale. Bollettino di Pesca, Idrobiologia e Pescicoltura 5: 1–20. [Google Scholar]
  • Sommani E. 1950b. Notizie preliminari sulla sistematica ed ecologia delle trote in Italia. Ital J Zool 17: 535–542. [Google Scholar]
  • Splendiani A, Giovannotti M, Cerioni PN, Caniglia ML, Caputo V. 2006. Phylogeographic inferences on the native brown trout mtDNA variation in central Italy. Ital J Zool 73: 179–189. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Splendiani A, Ruggeri P, Giovannotti M, Caputo Barucchi V. 2013. Role of environmental factors in the spread of domestic trout in Mediterranean streams. Freshw Biol 58: 2089–2101. [Google Scholar]
  • Splendiani A, Ruggeri P, Giovannotti M, et al. 2016. Alien brown trout invasion of the Italian peninsula: the role of geological, climate and anthropogenic factors. Biol Invas 18: 2029–2044. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Splendiani A, Giovannotti M, Righi T, et al. 2019. Introgression despite protection: the case of native brown trout in Natura 2000 network in Italy. Conserv Genet 20: 343–356. [Google Scholar]
  • Strauss RE, Bookstein FL. 1982. The truss: body form reconstructions in morphometrics. Syst Zool 3: 113–135. [Google Scholar]
  • Suarez J, Bautista JM, Almodovar A, Machordom A. 2001. Evolution of the mitochondrial control region in Palaearctic brown trout (Salmo trutta) populations: the biogeographical role of the Iberian Peninsula. Heredity 87: 198–206. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Tougard C, Justy F, Guinand B, Douzery EJP, Berrebi P. 2018. Salmo macrostigma (Teleostei, Salmonidae): nothing more than a a brown trout (S. trutta) lineage? J Fish Biol 93: 302–310. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Vinciguerra D. 1896. Relazione intorno alla pesca d'acqua dolce e di mare in Sicilia e ai modi di aumentarne il prodotto. Bollettino di Notizie Agrarie 29: 105–128. [Google Scholar]
  • Zaccara S, Trasforini S, Antognazza CM, Puzzi C, Britton JR, Crosa G. 2015. Morphological and genetic characterization of Sardinian trout Salmo cettii Rafinesque, 1810 and their conservation implications. Hydrobiologia 760: 205–223. [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.