Knowl. Manag. Aquat. Ecosyst.
Number 424, 2023
Biological conservation, ecosystems restoration and ecological engineering
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Published online||17 May 2023|
Multi-year analysis of the fish colonisation dynamic in three newly installed fishways in medium sized Belgian rivers
Laboratory of Fish Demography and Hydroecology, Management of Aquatic Resources and Aquaculture Unit, Freshwater and Oceanic Science Unit of Research-FOCUS, University of Liège, 22 Quai E. Van Beneden, 4020 Liège, Belgium
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 18 April 2023
The temporal dynamic use of newly installed fishways after a reopening event is not well known as most studies are not performed just after the opening and are generally limited to a single season or year. We carried out monitoring of three fishways for several consecutive years on three rivers in Belgium from the date of their opening. To identify the colonisation dynamics of fish species, we analysed temporal patterns in specific diversity, abundance, biomass, and associated environmental conditions. We detected different capture peaks and the appearance of new species several years after opening the migratory axis (up to 8 years post-opening). The dynamic of colonization showed that the same species may migrate earlier or later depending on the river. The analysis of the periodicity of capture indicated that some species made movements throughout the year while others at more precise periods. Moreover, the periodicity of movements was either stable or fluctuating over the year of monitoring, depending on the species. Our results highlight the importance of long-term monitoring to detect temporal dynamics in fish colonisation, allowing to improve our understanding of the opening effect of a migratory axis.
Key words: Monitoring / fishes / river / restored connectivity / temporal trend / migratory axis
© J. Gelder et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2023
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY-ND (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.
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