Open Access

Fig. 1


Download original image

Overland long distance dispersal (LDD) (A), short distance dispersal (SDD) (B), and ‘stepping stone’ dispersal (C) of invasive bivalve species (dot clusters) between isolated (e.g., hydrologically unconnected) freshwater sites via possible zoochorous vectors. Equally, when sites are hydrologically connected (D) (e.g., streams) additional aquatic vectors, such as fish species, may facilitate LDD, SDD or stepping stone dispersal. Moreover, zoochorous vectors may intensify invader spread across large aquatic areas (e.g., large lakes). Dashed lines indicate water current.

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.