Open Access
Issue
Knowl. Manag. Aquat. Ecosyst.
Number 419, 2018
Article Number 24
Number of page(s) 8
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/kmae/2018009
Published online 09 April 2018
  • Azevedo MM, Cassio F. 2010. Effects of metals on growth and sporulation of aquatic fungi. Drug Chem Toxicol 33: 269–278. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Borgmann U, Couillard Y, Doyle P, Dixon DG. 2005. Toxicity of sixty-three metals and metalloids to Hyalella azteca at two levels of water hardness. Environ Toxicol Chem 24: 641–652. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Chen WY, Chen TY, Hsieh NH, Ju YT. 2016. Site-specific water quality criteria for lethal/sublethal protection of freshwater fish exposed to zinc in southern Taiwan. Chemosphere 159: 412–419. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Connon RE, Beggel S, D’Abronzo LS, Geist JP, Pfeiff J, Loguinov AV, Vulpe CD, Werner I. 2011. Linking molecular biomarkers with higher level condition indicators to identify effects of copper exposures on the endangered delta smelt (Hypomesus transpacificus). Environ Toxicol Chem 30: 290–300. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • DIN 2008. Chemical analysis − decision limit, detection limit and determination limit under repeatability conditions − Terms, methods, evaluation. DIN 32645:2008-11, Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Normung, Beuth Verlag GmbH. [Google Scholar]
  • DIN 2013. Water quality − determination of the inhibition of the mobility of Daphnia magna Straus (Cladocera, Crustacea) − Acute toxicity test (ISO 6341:2012); German version EN ISO 6341:2012. Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Normung, Beuth Verlag GmbH. [Google Scholar]
  • European Chemicals Agency (ECHA). 2017. ECHA proposes a restriction on lead and its compounds in gunshot. https://echa.europa.eu/documents/10162/d7fb96cf-7956-7406-3568-399ca20151e0. [Google Scholar]
  • Grandy JW, Locke LN, Bagley GE. 1968. Relative toxicity of lead and five proposed substitute shot types to pen-reared mallards. J Wildl Manag 32: 483–488. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Irby HD, Locke LN, Bagley GE. 1967. Relative toxicity of lead and selected substitute shot types to game farm mallards. J Wildl Manag 31: 253–257. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Jørgensen SS, Willems M. 1987. The fate of lead in soils: the transformation of lead pellets in shooting-range soils. Ambio 16: 11–15. [Google Scholar]
  • Kelly ME, Fitzgerald SD, Aulerich RJ, Balander RJ, Powell DC, Stickle RL, Stevens W, Cray C, Tempelman RJ, Bursian SJ. 1998. Acute effects of lead, steel, tungsten-iron, and tungsten-polymer shot administered to game-farm mallards. J Wildl Dis 34: 673–687. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Kenntner N, Tataruch F, Krone O. 2001. Heavy metals in soft tissue of white-tailed eagles found dead or moribund in Germany and Austria from 1993 to 2000. Environ Toxicol Chem 20: 1831–1837. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Khangarot BS, Das S. 2010. Effects of copper on the egg development and hatching of a freshwater pulmonate snail Lymnaea luteola L. J Hazard Mater 179: 665–675. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Khangarot BS, Ray PK. 1989. Investigation of correlation between physicochemical properties of metals and their toxicity to the water flea Daphnia magna Straus. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 18: 109–120. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Klüttgen B, Dülmer U, Engels M, Ratte HT. 1994. ADaM, an artificial freshwater for the culture of zooplankton. Water Res 28: 743–746. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Knauer K, Behra R, Sigg L. 1997. Effects of free Cu2+ and Zn2+ ions on growth and metal accumulation in freshwater algae. Environ Toxicol Chem 16: 220–229. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Krone O, Kenntner N, Tataruch F. 2009. Gefährdungsursachen des Seeadlers (Haliaeetus albicilla L 1758). Denisia 27: 139–146. [Google Scholar]
  • Levengood JM, Sanderson GC, Anderson WL, Foley GL, Skowron LM, Brown PW, Seets JW. 1999. Acute toxicity of ingested zinc shot to game-farm mallards. Ill Nat Hist Surv Bull 36: 1–36. [Google Scholar]
  • Levengood JM, Sanderson GC, Anderson WL, Foley GL, Brown PW, Seets JW. 2000. Influence of diet on the hematology and serum biochemistry of zinc-intoxicated mallards. J Wildl Dis 36: 111–123. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Locke LN, Irby HD, Bagley GE. 1967. Histopathology of mallards dosed with lead and selected substitute shot. J Wildl Dis 3: 143–147. [Google Scholar]
  • Ma WC. 1989. Effect of soil pollution with metallic lead pellets on lead bioaccumulation and organ/body weight alterations in small mammals. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 18: 617–622. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Mateo R, Green AJ, Lefranc H, Baos R, Figuerola J. 2007. Lead poisoning in wild birds from southern Spain: a comparative study of wetland areas and species affected, and trends over time. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 66: 119–126. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • McGeer JC, Brix KV, Skeaff JM, DeForest DK, Brigham SI, Adams WJ, Green A. 2003. Inverse relationship between bioconcentration factor and exposure concentration for metals: implications for hazard assessment of metals in the aquatic environment. Environ Toxicol Chem 22: 1017–1037. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Mount DI, Stephan CE. 1969. Chronic toxicity of copper to the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) in soft water. J Fish Res Board Can 26: 2449–2457. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Müller K, Altenkamp R, Brunnberg L. 2007. Morbidity of free-ranging white-tailed sea eagles (Haliaeetus albicilla) in Germany. J Avian Med Surg 21: 265–274. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Nriagu JO. 1996. A history of global metal pollution. Science 272: 223–224. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Okamoto A, Yamamuro M, Tatarazako N. 2015. Acute toxicity of 50 metals to Daphnia magna. J Appl Toxicol 35: 824–830. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). 2001. Guidance document on transformation/dissolution of metals and metal compounds in aqueous media. OECD Series on Testing and Assessment, Number 29. [Google Scholar]
  • Pain DJ, Amiardtriquet C. 1993. Lead-poisoning of raptors in France and elsewhere. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 25: 183–192. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Scheuhammer AM, Norris SL. 1996. The ecotoxicology of lead shot and lead fishing weights. Ecotoxicology 5: 279–295. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Schwarz D, Fäth J, Göttlein A. 2015. Development of a standardized test method for investigating the environmental solubility of metal ions from materials used in rifle bullets. Allg Forst Jagdztg 186: 175–187. [Google Scholar]
  • Shuhaimi-Othman M, Yakub N, Ramle N-A, Abas A. 2011. Toxicity of metals to a freshwater ostracod: stenocypris major. J Toxicol 2011. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Spehar RL, Anderson RL, Fiandt JT. 1978. Toxicity and bioaccumulation of cadmium and lead in aquatic invertebrates. Environ Pollut 15: 195–208. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Thomas VG. 2016. Elemental tungsten, tungsten-nickel alloys and shotgun ammunition: resolving issues of their relative toxicity. Eur J Wildl Res 62: 1–9. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Thomas VG, Guitart R. 2003. Evaluating non-toxic substitutes for lead shot and fishing weights. Environ Policy Law 33: 150–154. [Google Scholar]
  • Tollett VD, Benvenutti EL, Deer LA, Rice TM. 2009. Differential toxicity to Cd, Pb, and Cu in dragonfly larvae (Insecta: odonata). Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 56: 77–84. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • USFWS. 1997. Migratory bird hunting: revised test protocol for nontoxic approval procedures for shot and shot coating; 50 CFR Part 20; Department of the Interior. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Washington, DC. Fed. Regist. 62: 63608–63615. [Google Scholar]
  • Vardy DW, Santore R, Ryan A, Giesy JP, Hecker M. 2014. Acute toxicity of copper, lead, cadmium, and zinc to early life stages of white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) in laboratory and Columbia River water. Environ Sci Pollut Res 21: 8176–8187. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Vinodhini R, Narayanan M. 2008. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in organs of fresh water fish Cyprinus carpio (Common carp). Int J Environ Sci Technol 5: 179–182. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.