Knowl. Manag. Aquat. Ecosyst.
Number 423, 2022
Management of habitats and populations/communities
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||29 July 2022|
Mechanical male sterilisation in invasive signal crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus: persistence and functionality in captive and wild conditions
Department of Life and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Bournemouth University, Fern Barrow, Poole, Dorset BH12 5BB, UK
2 School of Engineering, Faculty of Science, Agriculture and Engineering, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK
3 APEM Ltd, A17 Embankment Business Park, Heaton Mersey, Manchester SK4 3GN, UK
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 27 April 2022
Management control methods for invasive crayfish remain of limited effectiveness, resulting in ongoing invasions of high ecological impact. As management programmes integrating methods to limit juvenile recruitment could reduce population abundances, the efficacy of a sterile male release technique (SMRT) based on the manual removal of male gonopods was tested here in captive and wild conditions by comparing the survival, gonopod regeneration rates and a range of reproductive metrics of sterilised versus non-sterilised males. Sterilised male survival was high, with their removed gonopods regenerating at sizes that were always smaller than those of non-sterilised males. In captive trials, while sterilised males showed significantly lower areas of spermatophore cover than non-sterilised, and less accuracy in placement, subsequent female brood size did not differ significantly between the two male groups. The number of females retaining their clutches also did not also differ significantly between these groups. Over a seven-year period in the wild, there was no evidence suggesting SMRT significantly reduced female brood sizes and clutch retention rates. Although mechanical SMRT altered the size and delivery accuracy of sterilised male gonopods, female reproductive success of invasive crayfish was unaffected. Several potential reasons for this failure of the technique were identified and require further research.
Key words: Invasive crayfish control / sterile male release technique / biological invasion
© N. Green et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY-ND (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.
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