Table 4

PERMANOVA results for total length at age among the three studied lakes (Uluabat, Sapanca, İznik).

  df MS F # t # P #
Age 3 41.27 128.85   0.0001
Lake 2 9.11 28.45   0.0001
Uluabat vs. Sapanca       0.38 0.7044
Uluabat vs. İznik       5.91 0.0001
Sapanca vs. İznik       7.57 0.0001
Age × lake 6 0.93 2.90   0.0081
Age 1          
Uluabat vs. Sapanca       1.44 0.1629
Uluabat vs. İznik       4.96 0.0001
Sapanca vs. İznik       5.01 0.0001
Age 2          
Uluabat vs. Sapanca       1.90 0.0599
Uluabat vs. İznik       5.29 0.0001
Sapanca vs. İznik       7.29 0.0001
Age 3          
Uluabat vs. Sapanca       3.26 0.0016
Uluabat vs. İznik       1.38 0.1842
Sapanca vs. İznik       3.93 0.0004
Age 4          
Uluabat vs. Sapanca       0.72 0.4791
Uluabat vs. İznik       3.49 0.0080
Sapanca vs. İznik       2.60 0.0131

A posteriori pairwise comparisons are given for the statistically effect of interest (α = 0.05, in bold type). F # = permutational F value; t # = permutational t-test value; P # = permutational probability value; MS = mean square; PERMANOVA = permutational univariate analysis of variance.

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