Topical issue on Crayfish
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Table 2

Some examples of unusual reproduction strategies in freshwater vertebrates and invertebrates.

Family Species Reproduction strategy References
Cyprinidae Rutilus rutilus Intersexuality Jobling et al., 1998

Vertebrate Gasterosteidae Gasterosteus aculeatus Intersexuality Borg and Van den Hurk, 1983

Acipenseridae Scaphirhynchus platorynchus Intersexuality Harshbarger et al., 2000

Invertebrate Margelopsidae Margelopsis haeckeli Parthenogenetic Werner, 1955

Alcyoniidae Alcyonium hiberniculum Parthenogenetic Hartnoll, 1977

Lasaeidae Lasaea australis Hermaphrodite O’Foighil, 1988

Thiaridae Aylacostoma sp., Melanoides sp., Parthenogenetic Morrison, 1954
Pachychilidae Tarebia sp., Thiara sp., and Sulcospira sp.

Paludomidae Bathanalia sp., Tanganyicia sp. Parthenogenetic Moore, 1898
and Tiphobia sp.

Tateidae Potamopyrgus sp. Parthenogenetic Winterbourn, 1970

Hydrobiidae Potamopyrgus antipodarum Parthenogenetic Jokela et al., 1997

Viviparidae Campeloma decisum Parthenogenetic Johnson, 1992

Sphaeromatidae Gnorimosphaeroma naktongense Protogynous hermaphroditism Abe and Fukuhara, 1996

Sphaeromatidae Gnorimosphaeroma oregonense Protandry hermaphroditism Brook et al., 1994

Cyprididae Cyprinotus incongruens Unisexual Turgeon and Hebert, 1994

Daphniidae Daphnia pulex Parthenogenetic Hebert et al., 1983

Littorinidae Littorina littorea Intersex Schulte-Oehlmann et al., 1998

Artemiidae Artemia salina Parthenogenetic Browne, 1992;
and A. parthenogenetica Golubev et al., 2001

Atyidae Paratya curvirostris Protandry hermaphroditism Carpenter et al., 1978

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