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The deviation of the mean annual anomalies of surface temperature averaged for the Russian Federation from 1886 to 2015 yr (Bardin et al., 2016): the anomalies were calculated as a deviation from the mean temperature during 1961–1990. The blue line shows a smoothed data (11-yr moving mean); the red line is the linear trend for 1976–2015 with a 95% confidence interval.
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