Open Access
Knowl. Manag. Aquat. Ecosyst.
Number 417, 2016
Article Number 21
Number of page(s) 9
Published online 03 May 2016
  • Allan J.D. and Castillo M.M., 2007. Stream Ecology: Structure and Function of Running Waters, 2nd ed., Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 436 p.
  • Anderson M.J., 2001. A new method for non-parametric multivariate analysis of variance. Austral Ecol., 26, 32–46.
  • Baldi A., 2003. Using higher taxa as surrogates of species richness: a study based on 3700 Coleoptera, Diptera and Acari species in Central-Hungarian reserves. Basic Appl. Ecol., 4, 589–593. [CrossRef]
  • Barmuta L.A., Mckenny C.E.A. andSwain R., 2001. The responses of a lotic mayfly Nousia sp. (Ephemeroptera: Leptophlebiidae) to moving water and light of different wavelengths. Freshw. Biol., 46, 567–573. [CrossRef]
  • Barnes J.B., Vaughan I.P. andOrmerod S.J., 2013. Reappraising the effects of habitat structure on river macroinvertebrates. Freshw. Biol., 58, 2154–2167. [CrossRef]
  • Bergey E.A. andResh V. H., 1994. Effects of burrowing by a stream caddisfly on case-associated algae. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc., 13, 379–390. [CrossRef]
  • Birk S., Bonne W., Borja A., Brucet S., Courrat A., Poikane S., Solimini A., van de Bund W., Zampoukas N. andHering D., 2012. Three hundred ways to assess Europe’s surface waters: an almost complete overview of biological methods to implement the Water Framework Directive. Ecol. Indic., 18, 31–41. [CrossRef]
  • Bo T. andFenoglio S., 2011. Impacts of a micro-sewage effluent on the biota of a small Apennine creek. J. Freshw. Ecol., 26, 537–545.
  • Bo T., Fenoglio S., Malacarne G., Pessino M. andSgariboldi F., 2007. Effect of clogging on stream macroinvertebrates: an experimental approach. Limnologica, 37, 186–192. [CrossRef]
  • Bournaud M., Cellot B., Richoux P. andBerrahou A., 1996. Macroinvertebrate community structure and environmental characteristics along a large river: congruity of patterns for identification to species or family. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc., 15, 232–253. [CrossRef]
  • Boyero L. andBailey R.C., 2001. Organization of macroinvertebrate communities at a hierarchy of spatial scales in a tropical stream. Hydrobiologia, 464, 219–225. [CrossRef]
  • Brittain J.E. andEikeland T.J., 1988. Invertebrate Drift – A Review. Hydrobiologia, 166, 77–93. [CrossRef]
  • Brooks A.J., Haeusler T.I.M., Reinfelds I. andWilliams S., 2005. Hydraulic microhabitats and the distribution of macroinvertebrate assemblages in riffles. Freshw. Biol., 50, 331–334. [CrossRef]
  • Bruno M.C., Bottazzi E. andRossetti G., 2012. Downward, upstream or downstream? Assessment of meio-and macrofaunal colonization patterns in a gravel-bed stream using artificial substrates. Ann. Limnol. - Int. J. Lim., 48, 371–381. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Buffagni A. and Erba S., 2007. Macroinvertebrati acquatici e Direttiva 2000/60/ EC (WFD). Parte A. Metodo di campionamento per i fiumi guadabili. Resource document. IRSA-CNR. 118 p. Available from:{%}2803{%}29.pdf. (In Italian, accessed 17 February 2015).
  • Buffagni A., Erba S., Cazzola M., Murray-Bligh J., Soszka H. andGenoni P., 2006. The Star common metrics approach to the WFD intercalibration process: full application for small, lowland rivers in three European countries. Hydrobiologia, 566, 379–399. [CrossRef]
  • Cardoso P., Erwin T.L., Borges P.A. andNew T.R., 2011. The seven impediments in invertebrate conservation and how to overcome them. Biol. Conserv., 144, 2647–2655. [CrossRef]
  • Conallin J., Jyde M., Filrup K. andPedersen S., 2012. Diel foraging and shelter use of large juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta) under food satiation. Knowl. Manag. Aquat. Ecosyst., 404, 05. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Copp G.H., Spathari S. andTurmel M., 2005. Consistency of diel behaviour and interactions of stream fishes and invertebrates during summer. River Res. Appl., 21, 75–90. [CrossRef]
  • Culp J.M., Walde S.J. andDavies R.W., 1983. Relative importance of substrate particle size and detritus to stream benthic macroinvertebrate microdistribution. Can. J. Fish Aquat. Sci., 40, 1568–1574. [CrossRef]
  • Davey A.J., Booker D.J. andKelly D.J., 2011. Diel variation in stream fish habitat suitability criteria: implications for instream flow assessment. Aquat. Conserv. 21, 132–145. [CrossRef]
  • De Cáceres M. andLegendre P., 2009. Associations between species and groups of sites: indices and statistical inference. Ecology, 90, 3566–3574. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Dell A.I., Zhao L., Brose U., Pearson R.G. andAlford R.A., 2015. Population and community body size structure across a complex environmental gradient. Adv. Ecol. Res., 52, 115–167. [CrossRef]
  • Dodson S., 1990. Predicting diel vertical migration of zooplankton. Limnol. Oceanogr., 35, 1195–1200 [CrossRef]
  • Dolédec S., Olivier J.M. andStatzner B., 2000. Accurate description of the abundance of taxa and their biological traits in stream invertebrate communities: effects of taxonomic and spatial resolution. Archiv für Hydrobiologie – Fundam. Appl. Limnol., 148, 25–43.
  • Dufrêne M. andLegendre P., 1997. Species assemblages and indicator species: the need for a flexible asymmetrical approach. Ecol. Monogr., 67, 345–366.
  • Elliott J.M., 2000. Contrasting diel activity and feeding patterns of four species of carnivorous stoneflies. Ecol. Entomol., 25, 26–34. [CrossRef]
  • Elliott J.M., 2002. A quantitative study of day-night changes in the spatial distribution of insects in a stony stream. J. Anim. Ecol., 71, 112–122. [CrossRef]
  • Elliott J.M., 2005a. Day-night changes in the spatial distribution and habitat preferences of freshwater shrimps, Gammarus pulex, in a stony stream. Freshw. Biol., 50, 552–566. [CrossRef]
  • Elliott J.M., 2005b. Contrasting diel activity and feeding patterns of four instars of Rhyacophila dorsalis (Trichoptera). Freshw. Biol., 50, 1022–1033. [CrossRef]
  • Fenoglio S., Bo T., Agosta P. andMalacarne G., 2005. Temporal and spatial patterns of coarse particulate organic matter and macroinvertebrate distribution in a low-order Apennine stream. J. Freshw. Ecol., 20, 539–547. [CrossRef]
  • Ferreiro N., 2014. Evidence on Night Movements of Macroinvertebrates to Macrophytes in a Pampean Stream. Open J. Mod. Hydrol., 4, 95–100. [CrossRef]
  • Florencio M., Díaz-Paniagua C., Gomez-Mestre I. andSerrano L., 2011. Sampling macroinvertebrates in a temporary pond: comparing the suitability of two techniques to detect richness, spatial segregation and diel activity. Hydrobiologia, 689, 121–130. [CrossRef]
  • Fu L., Jiang Y., Ding J., Liu Q., Peng Q.Z., Kang M.Y. andWang L.Z., 2015. Spatial variation of macroinvertebrate community structure and associated environmental conditions in a subtropical river system of southeastern China. Knowl. Manag. Aquat. Ecosyst., 416, 17. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Fuller R.L., Roelofs J.R. andFry T.J., 1986. The importance of algae to stream invertebrates. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc., 5, 290–296. [CrossRef]
  • Gaston K.J., Bennie J., Davies T.W. andHopkins J., 2013. The ecological impacts of nighttime light pollution: a mechanistic appraisal. Biol. Rev., 88, 912–927. [CrossRef]
  • Gayraud S. andPhilippe M., 2001. Does subsurface interstitial space influence general features and morphological traits of the benthic macroinvertebrate community in streams? Archiv für Hydrobiologie – Fundam. Appl. Limnol., 151, 667–686. [CrossRef]
  • Gerrish G.A., Morin J.G., Rivers T.J. andPatrawala Z., 2009. Darkness as an ecological resource: the role of light in partitioning the nocturnal niche. Oecologia, 160, 525–536. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Graça M.A., Pinto P., Cortes R., Coimbra N., Oliveira S., Morais M., Carvalho M.J. andMalo J., 2004. Factors Affecting Macroinvertebrate Richness and Diversity in Portuguese Streams: a Two Scale Analysis. Int. Rev. Hydrobiol., 89, 151–164. [CrossRef]
  • Guareschi S., Laini A., Racchetti E., Bo T., Fenoglio S. andBartoli M., 2014. How do hydromorphological constraints and regulated flows govern macroinvertebrate communities along an entire lowland river? Ecohydrology, 7, 366–377. [CrossRef]
  • Guest M.A., Connolly R.M. andLoneragan N.R., 2003. Seine nets and beam trawls compared by day and night for sampling fish and crustaceans in shallow seagrass habitat. Fish. Res., 64, 185–196. [CrossRef]
  • Guevara J. andAvilés L., 2013. Community-wide body size differences between nocturnal and diurnal insects. Ecology, 94, 537–543. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Gumiero B., Maiolini B., Rinaldi M., Surian N., Boz B. and Moroni F., 2009. The Italian Rivers. In: Rivers of Europe. Academic Press, Amsterdam, 467–495.
  • Hampton S.E. andDuggan I.C., 2003. Diel habitat shifts of macrofauna in a fishless pond. Mar. Freshwater Res., 54, 797–805. [CrossRef]
  • Hansen E.A. andCloss G.P., 2007. Temporal consistency in the long-term spatial distribution of macroinvertebrate drift along a stream reach. Hydrobiologia, 575, 361–371. [CrossRef]
  • Helfman G.S., 1986. Fish behaviour by day, night and twilight. In: The behaviour of teleost fishes. Springer, USA, 366–387.
  • Hutchinson G.E., 1967. A treatise on limnology, Wiley, New York, Vol. 2, 1115 p.
  • Jiménez-Valverde A. andHortal J., 2003. Las curvas de acumulación de especies y la necesidad de evaluar la calidad de los inventarios biológicos. Rev. Ibérica Aracnol., 8, 151–161.
  • Johnson S.L. andCovich A.P., 2000. The importance of night-time observations for determining habitat preferences of stream biota. Regul. River., 16, 91–99. [CrossRef]
  • Krebs C.J., 1999. Ecological Methodology, 2nd ed., Addison-Wesley Educational Publishers, Menlo Park, 624 p.
  • Laini A., Vorti A., Bolpagni R. andViaroli P., 2014. Small-scale variability of benthic macroinvertebrates distribution and its effects on biological monitoring. Ann. Limnol. - Int. J. Lim., 50, 211–216. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Lombardo P., Miccoli F.P., Giustini M. andCicolani B., 2010. Diel activity cycles of freshwater gastropods under natural light: patterns and ecological implications. Ann. Limnol. - Int. J. Lim., 46, 29–40. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Marklund O., Blindow I. andHargeby A., 2001. Distribution and diel migration of macroinvertebrates within dense submerged vegetation. Freshw. Biol., 46, 913–924. [CrossRef]
  • Martínez-Sanz C., García-Criado F., Aláez C.F. andAláez M.F., 2010. Assessment of richness estimation methods on macroinvertebrate communities of mountain ponds in Castilla y León (Spain). Ann. Limnol. - Int. J. Lim., 46, 101–110. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Merritt R.W. and Cummins K.W., 1996. An introduction to the aquatic insects of North America, 3rd ed., Kendall/Hunt, Dubuque, IO, 862 p.
  • Meyer L.A. andSullivan S.M.P., 2013. Bright lights, big city: influences of ecological light pollution on reciprocal stream-riparian invertebrate fluxes. Ecol. Appl., 23, 1322–1330. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Morisita M., 1959. Measuring of the dispersion of individuals and analysis of the distributional patterns. Mem. Fac. Sci. Kyushu Univ. Ser. E 2, 215–235.
  • Nardi P.A., Bernini F., Bo T., Bonardi A., Fea G., Ghia D., Negri A., Razzetti E., Rossi S. andSpairani M. 2005. Status of Austropotamobius pallipes complex in the watercourses of the Alessandria province (NW Italy). Bull. Fr. Pêche Piscic., 376-377, 585–598. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Oksanen J., Guillaume Blanchet F., Kindt R., Legendre P., Minchin P.R., O’Hara R.B., Simpson G.L., Solymos P., Henry M., Stevens H. and Wagner H., 2013. Vegan: Community Ecology Package. R package version 2.0–8. Available from:
  • Perkin E.K., Hölker F., Richardson J.S., Sadler J.P., Wolter C. and Tockner K., 2011. The influence of artificial light on stream and riparian ecosystems: questions, challenges, and perspectives. Ecosphere 2, art. 122.
  • R Development Core Team, 2013. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. Available from: (accessed 23 December 2014).
  • Roussel J.M., Bardonnet A. andClaude A., 1999. Microhabitats of brown trout when feeding on drift and when resting in a lowland salmonid brook: effects on weighted usable area. Archiv für Hydrobiologie – Fundam. Appl. Limnol., 146, 413–429. [CrossRef]
  • Sánchez-Fernández D., Abellán P., Mellado A., Velasco J. andMillán A., 2006. Are water beetles good indicators of biodiversity in Mediterranean aquatic ecosystems? The case of Segura river basin (SE Spain). Biodivers. Conserv., 15, 4507–4520. [CrossRef]
  • Sánchez-Fernández D., Lobo J.M., Abellán P., Ribera I. andMillán A., 2008. Bias in freshwater biodiversity sampling: the case of Iberian water beetles. Divers. Distrib., 14, 754–762. [CrossRef]
  • Scalici M. andGibertini G., 2007. Feeding habits of the crayfish Austropotamobius pallipes (Decapoda, Astacidae) in a brook in Latium (central Italy). Ital. J. Zool., 74, 157–168. [CrossRef]
  • Tachet H., Richoux P., Bournaud M. and Usseglio-Polatera P., 2010. Invertébrés d’eau douce: systématique, biologie, écologie, CNRS Editions, Paris, France, 588 p.
  • Walther B.A. andMoore J.L., 2005. The concepts of bias, precision and accuracy, and their use in testing the performance of species richness estimators, with a literature review of estimator performance. Ecography, 28, 815–829. [CrossRef]
  • Wiley M.J. andKohler S., 1980. Positioning Changes of Mayfly Nymphs Due to Behavioral Regulation of Oxygen Consumption. Can. J. Zool., 58, 618–622. [CrossRef]
  • Zaccara S., Stefani F., Galli P., Nardi P. A. andCrosa G. 2004. Taxonomic implications in conservation management of white-clawed crayfish (Austropotamobius pallipes) (Decapoda, Astacidae) in Northern Italy. Biol. Conserv., 120, 1–10. [CrossRef]