Open Access
Knowl. Managt. Aquatic Ecosyst.
Number 392, 2009
Article Number 01
Number of page(s) 13
Published online 27 March 2009
  • Aravena R., Evans M.L. and Cherry J.A., 1993. Stable isotopes of oxygen and nitrogen in source identification of nitrate from septic systems. Ground Water, 470, 180–186. [CrossRef]
  • Borderelle A.L., Gilmette C., Lovy C., Gerdeaux D. and Verneaux V., 2008. Macroinvertebrate δ13C variability analysis for the assessment of lake trophic functioning. Fund. App. Lim., 172, 4, 289–300. [CrossRef]
  • Cabana G. and Rasmussen J.B., 1994. Modelling food chain structure and contaminant bioaccumulation using stable nitrogen isotopes. Nature, 372, 255–257. [CrossRef]
  • Cabana G. and Rasmussen J.B., 1996. Comparison of aquatic food chains using nitrogen isotopes. P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 93, 10844–10847. [CrossRef]
  • Cole M.L., Valiela I., Kroeger K.D., Tomasky G.L., Cebrian J., Wigand C., McKinney R.A., Grady S.P. and Da Silva M.H.C., 2004. Assessment of a delta N-15 isotopic method to indicate anthropogenic eutrophication in aquatic ecosystems. J. Environ. Qual., 33, 124–132. [PubMed]
  • Ehleringer J.R., Bowling D.R., Flanagan L.B., Fessenden J., Helliker B., Martinelli L.A. and Ometto J.P., 2002. Stable isotopes and carbon cycle processes in forests and grasslands. Plant Biol., 4, 181–189. [CrossRef]
  • France R.L., 1995. Carbon-13 enrichment in benthic compared to planktonic algae: Food web implications. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 124, 307–312.
  • France R.L., 2000. Comparing delta C-13 among littoral foodwebs using lake DOC. Aquat. Ecol., 34, 445–448. [CrossRef]
  • Gormly J.R. and Spalding R.E., 1979. Sources and concentrations of nitrate-nitrogen in ground water of the central Platte region, Nebraska. Ground Water, 17, 291–301. [CrossRef]
  • Gu B., Schelske C.L. and Brenner M., 1996. Relationship between sediment and plankton isotope ratios (δ13C and δ15N) and primary productivity in Florida lakes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 53, 875–883. [CrossRef]
  • Gu B., Alexander V. and Schell D.M., 1997. Stable isotopes as indicators of carbon flows and trophic structure of the benthic food web in a subarctic lake. Arch. Hydrobiol., 138, 329–344.
  • Kreitler C.W., 1979. Nitrogen-isotope ratio study of soils and groundwater nitrate from alluvial fan aquifers in Texas. J. Hydrol., 42, 147–170.
  • Kreitler C.W., Ragone S. and Katz B.G., 1978. 15N/14N ratios of ground-water nitrate, Long Island, New York. Ground Water, 16, 404–409.
  • Lajtha K. and Marshall J.D., 1994. Sources of variations in the stable isotopic composition of plants. In: Lajtha K. and Michener J.D. (eds.), Stable Isotopes in Ecology, Blackwell Scientific, 45–62.
  • Lake J.L., McKinney R.A., Osterman F.A., Pruell R.J., Kiddon J., Ryba S.A. and Libby A.D., 2001. Stable nitrogen isotopes as indicators of anthropogenic activities in small freshwater systems. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 58, 870–878. [CrossRef]
  • Macko S.A. and Ostrom N.E., 1994. Pollution studies using stable isotopes. In: Lajtha K. and Michener J.D. (eds.), Stable Isotopes in Ecology, Blackwell Scientific, 45–62.
  • McClelland J.W. and Valiela I., 1998. Linking nitrogen in estuarine producers to land-derived sources. Limnol. Oceanogr., 43, 577–585. [CrossRef]
  • McClelland J.W., Valiela I. and Michener R.H., 1997. Nitrogen-stable isotope signatures in estuarine food webs: A record of increasing urbanization in costal watersheds. Limnol. Oceanogr., 42, 930–937. [CrossRef]
  • McKinney R.A., Lake J.L., Allen M. and Ryba S., 1999. Spatial variability in Mussels used to assess base level nitrogen isotope ratio in freshwater ecosystems. Hydrobiologia, 412, 17–24. [CrossRef]
  • Perga M.E. and Gerdeaux D., 2004. Changes in δ13C of pelagic food webs: the influence of lake area and trophic status on the isotopic signature of whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 61, 1485–1492. [CrossRef]
  • Peterson B.J. and Fry B., 1987. Stable isotopes in ecosystem studies. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst., 18, 293–320. [CrossRef]
  • Ponsard S. and Arditi R., 2000. What can stable isotopes (delta N-15 and delta C-13) tell about the food web of soil macro-invertebrates? Ecology, 81, 852–864.
  • Post D.M., 2002. Using stable isotopes to estimate trophic position: models, methods, and assumptions. Ecology, 83, 703–718. [CrossRef]
  • Post D.M., Pace M.L. and Hairston N.G., 2000. Ecosystem size determines food-chain length in lakes. Nature, 405, 1047–1049. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • R Development Core Team (2006). R: A language and environment for statistical computing, R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria, ISBN 3-900051-07-0,
  • Schindler D.E. and Scheuerell M.D., 2002. Habitat coupling in lake ecosystems. Oikos, 98, 177–189. [CrossRef]
  • Schindler D.E., Carpenter S., Cole J.J., Kitchell J.F. and Pace M.L., 1997. Influence of food web structure on carbon exchange between lakes and the atmosphere. Science, 277, 284–251. [CrossRef]
  • Sierszen M.E., Mc Donald M.E. and Jensen D.A., 2003. Benthos as the basis for arctic lake food webs. Aquat. Ecol., 37, 437–445. [CrossRef]
  • Syväranta J., Vesala S., Rask M., Ruuhijarvi J. and Jones R.I., 2008. Evaluating the utility of stable isotope analyses of archived freshwater sample materials. Hydrobiologia, 600, 121–130. [CrossRef]
  • Vadeboncœur Y., Lodge D.M. and Carpenter S., 2001. Whole-lake fertilization effects on distribution of primary production between benthic and pelagic habitats. Ecology, 82, 4, 1065–1077. [CrossRef]
  • Vander Zanden M.J., Cabana G. and Rasmussen J.B., 1997. Comparing trophic position of freshwater fish calculated using stable nitrogen isotope ratios (δ15N) and literature dietary data. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 54, 1142–1158. [CrossRef]
  • Vander Zanden M.J., Vadeboncœur Y., Diebel M.W. and Jeppesen E., 2005. Primary consumer stable nitrogen isotones as indicators of nutrient source. Environ. Sci. Technol., 39, 7509–7515. [CrossRef] [PubMed]